Xu Guangqi (1562–1633) was a Chinese scholar-bureaucrat, agricultural scientist, astronomer, and mathematician in the Ming Dynasty. Xu was a colleague and collaborator of the Italian Jesuits Matteo Ricci and Sabatino de Ursis and they translated several classic Western texts into Chinese. He received the equivalent of his bachelor's degree at 19, but did not receive higher degrees until his30s.
He experimented with Western-style irrigation methods, cultivation of sweet potatoes, cotton, nu zhen tree, and promoted the use of wet-rice. In the Chinese bureaucracy, he became known as "The Minister.”
Xu Guangqi was
one of the "Three Pillars of Chinese Catholicism,” or
“Servant of God.”
Xu Guangqi put forward the concept of a "Rich country and strong army,” which was adopted by Japan for its modernization in the end of the 19th century.ASPECT POINTS
High Chinese bureaucrat
Married with children