Thomas More (1478–1535), venerated by Catholics as Saint Thomas More, was an English lawyer, social philosopher, author, statesman and noted Renaissance humanist. He was also a councillor to Henry VIII, and Lord High Chancellor of England. More opposed the Protestant Reformation, in particular the theology of Martin Luther and William Tyndale. He also wrote “Utopia,” about the political system of an imaginary ideal island nation precursing Marxism. More opposed the King's separation from the Catholic Church, refusing to acknowledge Henry as Supreme Head of the Church of England and the annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon. After refusing to take the Oath of Supremacy, he was convicted of treason and beheaded. Twice married with 4 children.