Ruy Barbosa de Oliveira (1849-1923) was a Brazilian diplomat, writer, jurist, and politician. He was a federal representative, senator, Minister of Finance and diplomat, and ran unsuccessfully for the Presidency of Brazil. Ruy Barbosa gave his first public speech for the abolition of slavery when he was 19, and was an uncompromising defender of civil liberties. He was a supporter of fiat money, and during his term as finance secretary, he instituted expansionist monetary policy resulting him being forced into exile. He was an Anti-war activist. He was president of the Brazilian Academy of Letters. He spoke fluent English, French, Spanish, and Italian. His 40,000-volume multilanguage library was the largest private collection in Latin America.
in English, French, Spanish and Italian.
1 Abolition of