Omar Khayyám, born Ghiyāth ad-Dīn Abu'l-Fatḥ ʿUmar ibn Ibrāhīm al-Khayyām Nīshāpūrī (1048–1131), was a Persian mathematician, astronomer, physician, philosopher, and poet, who is widely considered to be one of the most influential scientists of the middle ages. He wrote numerous treatises on mechanics, geography, mineralogy and astronomy. He is one of the major mathematicians and astronomers of the Islamic Golden Age. He is the author of one of the most important treatises on algebra written before modern times, the Treatise on Demonstration of Problems of Algebra (1070), which includes a geometric method for solving cubic equations by intersecting a hyperbola with a circle. He wrote treatises on mechanics, geography, and music.
Scholars wrote about a thousand four-line verses or rubaiyat.
Khayyám wrote philosophy about the intellectual and social conditions of his time.
Omar never married and had no children.