Nicolaus Copernicus (1473–1543) was a Renaissance mathematician and astronomer who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at the center of the universe. He was born and died in Royal Prussia, a region that had been a part of the Kingdom of Poland. He obtained a doctorate in canon law and also practiced as a physician, classics scholar, translator, governor, diplomat, and economist. He was a third order Dominican. He derived a quantity theory of money, what later became known as Gresham's law.
Never married nor had children.