Bertrand Arthur William Russell (1872-1970) was a British philosopher, logician, mathematician, historian, writer, social critic, political activist and Nobel laureate. His work has had a considerable influence on logic, mathematics, set theory, linguistics, artificial intelligence, cognitive science, computer science (see type theory and type system), and philosophy, especially the philosophy of language, epistemology, and metaphysics. He was born into one of the most prominent aristocratic families in the United Kingdom. He is a founder of analytic philosophy.
Russell was a prominent anti-war activist, and was dismissed from Trinity College following his conviction under the Defence of the Realm Act. He was engaged in political causes primarily related to nuclear disarmament.
Russell founded the experimental Beacon Hill School.
"I would never die for my beliefs because I might be wrong."
Founder of a school
Founder of analytic philosophy
Married with children